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Teaching medical students child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP)

Gill Salmon (Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Cwm Taf University Health Board, Abercynon, UK)
Michal Tombs (C4ME, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK)

The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice

ISSN: 1755-6228

Article publication date: 5 August 2019

Issue publication date: 12 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children and young people is increasing, leading to recommendations that medical schools re-consider their curriculum content and teaching practices for child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP). The purpose of this paper is to seek guidance for undergraduate curriculum development from the wider literature on CAP curriculum content and teaching practices.

Design/methodology/approach

A comprehensive search of the literature was conducted, focussing on studies that examined undergraduate teaching of CAP. In an attempt to establish whether there is an agreed level of curriculum content and teaching practices, literature from all over the world was included.

Findings

Findings suggest that curriculum content and teaching practices are varied, therefore it was difficult to identify best practice upon which recommendations can be made. In addition, despite previous calls for curriculum improvements and expansion of learning objectives, recent studies suggest that there has been little change.

Research limitations/implications

A common theme emerging was the importance of making the CAP curriculum relevant to all future doctors rather than only those who plan to specialise in CAP. Further research to determine what CAP knowledge, skills and attitudes non-psychiatrists think that medical students need to be taught is warranted.

Originality/value

This paper reviewed the literature on undergraduate CAP teaching, highlighting common themes from the wider literature on medical curriculum development to inform how CAP curricula content can be developed to equip future doctors.

Keywords

Citation

Salmon, G. and Tombs, M. (2019), "Teaching medical students child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP)", The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, Vol. 14 No. 5, pp. 348-360. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMHTEP-07-2018-0041

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited