Risk factors affecting the mental health of first-year university students on a health sciences campus and related factors
The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice
Article publication date: 9 November 2022
Issue publication date: 2 February 2023
The purpose of this study is to determine the mental health status and risk factors for the mental health of first-year university students on a health sciences campus.
This is a descriptive study. The research was conducted with first-year students in the health sciences, dentistry and medical faculties of a state university (n = 770). The data were collected with a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Risk Behavior of Young Adults Survey, the Bergen Insomnia Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28 and the Mental Health Improvement Scale. Body mass ındex was calculated.
Among the students, 53.7% experienced feelings of hopelessness in the last year and 1% had attempted suicide. The percentage of students found to be at risk in terms of mental health was 41.9%; 39.4% reported that they suffered from insomnia. It was found that those who had been subjected to bullying, felt hopelessness, had suicidal thoughts, planned to commit suicide and students who experienced sleeping problems were more at risk in terms of psychological issues (p < 0.01). Insomnia (β: 3.341) and smoking (β: 2.226) were identified as the strongest risk factors for mental health in first-year health sciences students (p < 0.005).
The results of the research offer an opportunity to get to know the characteristics of first-year university students who are at risk for mental health. It offers the opportunity to closely monitor and protect the mental health of students starting from the first grade.
In this study, it was determined that approximately half of the first-year university students were in the risk group in terms of mental health. Female gender, having a chronic illness, smoking a day or more in the past 30 days, not doing any physical activity, having a weak BMI, being bullied in the past 12 months, being cyberbullied in the past 12 months and having insomnia have been identified as risk factors that negatively affect mental health.
Credit authorship contribution statement: Design of work was done by KG, ÇAK, BÇ and SK; data collection was done by KG, BÇ and ÇAK; analysis of data was done by SE and ÇAK; SE and AU were involved in interpretation of data; preparation of manuscript was done by KG, SE, ÇAK, AU and SK; KG, ÇAK, SÇ, SE and AU were involved in drafting the work; ÇAK, SE and KG read and approved the final manuscript.
Declaration of competing interest: The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
Funding: This research received no external funding.
Conflicts of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Erol, S., Gur, K., Karaca, S., Çalık, K.B., Uzuner, A. and Apaydın Kaya, Ç. (2023), "Risk factors affecting the mental health of first-year university students on a health sciences campus and related factors", The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, Vol. 18 No. 2, pp. 146-157. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMHTEP-03-2022-0015
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