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Exploratory cases on the interplay between green human resource management and advanced green manufacturing in light of the Ability-Motivation-Opportunity theory

Jing Yi Yong (INTI International College Penang, Bukit Jambul, Malaysia)
M.-Y. Yusliza (Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia)
Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour (Montpellier Business School, Montpellier, France)
Noor Hazlina Ahmad (School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)

Journal of Management Development

ISSN: 0262-1711

Article publication date: 3 February 2020

Issue publication date: 3 February 2020




Green human resource management (HRM) has been considered to be a vitally important mechanism for companies to move towards a sustainable organization. By adopting the Ability-Motivation-Opportunity as the underpinning theory, the purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that facilitate the adoption of Green HRM in Malaysia.


A qualitative exploratory approach research was adopted in this study. The required data for this study were collected using semi-structured face-to-face interviews with human resources directors and managers from four large manufacturing companies in Malaysia. The data collected was then reorganized into four themes.


Based on the interview, four key factors that influence the adoption of Green HRM include stakeholder pressures, relative advantage, which means the perceived benefits from implementing Green HRM, top management commitment and green intellectual capital, which means the intellectual capital incorporating green innovation or environmental management. Surprisingly, among the three dimensions of green intellectual capital, only green human capital and green structural capital were greatly discussed by the human resources directors and managers, while the role of green relational capital on the adoption of Green HRM was hardly observed.


Research studies on Green HRM in Malaysia are scarce. The originality of this paper lies in its exploration of Green HRM in an environmental sensitive sector and the insight it provides to academics and practitioners involved in the manufacturing sector. Although research findings cannot be generalized, they can be used as insights for both academics and end-users in emerging economies.



This work was supported by the Exploratory Research Grant Scheme (ERGS) from Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (203/PPAMC/6730125).


Yong, J.Y., Yusliza, M.-.-Y., Jabbour, C.J.C. and Ahmad, N.H. (2020), "Exploratory cases on the interplay between green human resource management and advanced green manufacturing in light of the Ability-Motivation-Opportunity theory", Journal of Management Development, Vol. 39 No. 1, pp. 31-49.



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