The purpose of this paper is to answer calls for more research on how leaders may promote organizational ambidexterity (i.e. exploitation and exploration), and how such behaviors relate to transactional and transformational leadership styles.
The findings presented in this paper are based on semi-structured interviews with 11 senior leaders in Australian Defence.
This paper identifies three organizational mechanisms that leaders rely on to promote exploitation, and five behaviors that leaders rely on to promote exploration. These mechanisms and behaviors closely match transactional and transformational leadership styles, respectively.
This paper provides support for the leadership ambidexterity construct, and for the thesis that transformational leadership is appropriate in the context of exploratory innovation, while transactional leadership is appropriate in the context of exploitative innovation.
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Baškarada, S., Watson, J. and Cromarty, J. (2016), "Leadership and organizational ambidexterity", Journal of Management Development, Vol. 35 No. 6, pp. 778-788. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMD-01-2016-0004Download as .RIS
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