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Conceptual framework for general traceability solution: description and bases

Abdesselam Bougdira (Laboratory of Engineering Sciences, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fes, Morocco)
Abdelaziz Ahaitouf (Laboratory of Engineering Sciences, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fes, Morocco)
Ismail Akharraz (Laboratory of Engineering Sciences, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fes, Morocco)

Journal of Modelling in Management

ISSN: 1746-5664

Article publication date: 11 October 2019

Issue publication date: 23 April 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe a proposed framework for traceability purpose. Hence, the framework provides a formal and structured way of viewing a traceability solution. This structure lays the required bases for a traceability system before starting development and deployment.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper examines several traceability publications, including systems and literature review. The study covers the traceability implementation phase. Therefore, this research approaches the traceability issue from three perspectives (description, engineering and executive one). The separation between aspects is essential when describing and comparing traceability systems. This distinction is also helpful when recommending solution improvements.

Findings

The framework identifies six traceability bases: aims, functions, specifications, data classification, processes and procedures. These can establish a basis for a general purpose tool that can enable users to develop an efficient traceability solution. Thus, the first ontology expresses the framework domain and ensures optimal use of it. The second one represents the bases that can serve as a knowledge base to manage the product data.

Research limitations/implications

The suggested framework tackles the implementation of traceability. Therefore, the design emphasizes the importance of technological concerns. Some studied cases could require more research angles (i.e. economic and legislative). Thus, framework enrichment is essential for further improvements.

Practical implications

The framework helps users to develop a general, interoperable and scalable traceability solution. These are important to promote the generalization of traceability systems.

Originality/value

The framework fulfills a requirement for establishing general traceability foundations. Therefore, the guide independently operates of the product or the industry specificity. Moreover, the bases aim to bridge the gap between solution engineering and traceability requirements.

Keywords

Citation

Bougdira, A., Ahaitouf, A. and Akharraz, I. (2020), "Conceptual framework for general traceability solution: description and bases", Journal of Modelling in Management, Vol. 15 No. 2, pp. 509-530. https://doi.org/10.1108/JM2-12-2018-0207

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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