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Designing a sustainable integrated forward/reverse logistics network

Hamed Farrokhi-Asl (Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Ahmad Makui (Department of Industrial Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Iran)
Roozbeh Ghousi (Department of Industrial Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Iran)
Masoud Rabbani (College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)

Journal of Modelling in Management

ISSN: 1746-5664

Article publication date: 1 October 2019

Issue publication date: 4 October 2019




In recent years, governmental regulations and the pressure of non-governmental organizations have convinced corporations to consider sustainable issues in their decisions. A simultaneous design of forward and reverse logistics can keep us away from sub-optimality caused by tackling these two phases (forward and reverse logistics) separately.


Hence, this paper presents a new multi-objective mathematical model for integrated forward and reverse logistics regarding economic, environmental and social issues. A new hybrid multi-objective metaheuristic algorithm is developed to obtain a set of efficient solutions (Pareto solutions). The proposed algorithm hybridizes a well-known, non-dominated genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) with a simulated annealing algorithm.


To validate the algorithm, its results are compared to the obtained solutions from simple NSGA-II with respect to some comparison metrics. The numerical results show the efficiency of the proposed algorithm. Finally, concluding remarks and future research directions are provided.


By applying a model presented in this paper, one can reach to sustainable and integrated logistics network which considers forward and reverse flow of commodities simultaneously.



Farrokhi-Asl, H., Makui, A., Ghousi, R. and Rabbani, M. (2019), "Designing a sustainable integrated forward/reverse logistics network", Journal of Modelling in Management, Vol. 14 No. 4, pp. 896-921.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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