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A multi-objective optimization model for sustainable supply chain network with using genetic algorithm

Reza Ehtesham Rasi (Department of Industrial Management, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran)
Mehdi Sohanian (Department of Industrial Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)

Journal of Modelling in Management

ISSN: 1746-5664

Article publication date: 4 September 2020

Issue publication date: 25 May 2021

231

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to design and optimize economic and environmental dimensions in a sustainable supply chain (SSC) network. This paper developed a mixed-integer linear programing (MILP) model to incorporate economical and environmental data for multi-objective optimization of the SSC network.

Design/methodology/approach

The overall objective of the present study is to use high-quality raw materials, at the same time the lowest amount of pollution emission and the highest profitability is achieved. The model in the problem is solved using two algorithms, namely, multi-objective genetic and multi-objective particle swarm. In this research, to integrate sustainable supplier selection and optimization of sustainability performance indicators in supply chain network design considering minimization of cost and time and maximization of sustainability indexes of the system.

Findings

The differences found between the genetic algorithms (GAs) and the MILP approaches can be explained by handling the constraints and their various logics. The solutions are contrasted with the original crisp model based on either MILP or GA, offering more robustness to the proposed approach.

Practical implications

The model is applied to Mega Motor company to optimize the sustainability performance of the supply chain i.e. economic (cost), social (time) and environmental (pollution of raw material). The research method has two approaches, namely, applied and mathematical modeling.

Originality/value

There is limited research designing and optimizing the SSC network. This study is among the first to integrate sustainable supplier selection and optimization of sustainability performance indicators in supply chain network design considering minimization of cost and time and maximization of sustainability indexes of the system.

Keywords

Citation

Ehtesham Rasi, R. and Sohanian, M. (2021), "A multi-objective optimization model for sustainable supply chain network with using genetic algorithm", Journal of Modelling in Management, Vol. 16 No. 2, pp. 714-727. https://doi.org/10.1108/JM2-06-2020-0150

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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