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A systematic literature review on supply chain approaches

Ramin Sadeghi Asl (Department of Management, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran)
Majid Bagherzadeh Khajeh (Department of Management, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran)
Mohammad Pasban (Department of Management, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran)
Reza Rostamzadeh (Department of Management, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran)

Journal of Modelling in Management

ISSN: 1746-5664

Article publication date: 4 November 2021

Issue publication date: 31 March 2023




The purpose of this paper is to present green supply chain, resilient supply chain, agile supply chain, cold supply chain and lean supply chain (GRACL SC) procedures based on a detailed perspective, analyzing subjects in the past 19 years with a systematic literature review (SLR) of the papers reported from 2000 to 2019, and offering information and guidelines for further studies.


This research is based on 17 keywords in the title and topic of the articles and collects data from Web of Science (WOS) databases and objectively chooses 1,190 articles and performs meta-data analyses. Tables and statistical reports are based on the following three filters: publication year, authors and document type. At least, 39 publications from the ISI WOS has been examined for presenting information of categorization of the conducted research with regard to the content analysis, comprising the conceptual development and obstacles, cooperation with the supply chain elements, as well as mathematical and other optimization models.


Finally, this study answered three main questions in the research and demonstrates that the majority studies in the green supply chain (GSC) and a minimum number of studies on the cold supply chain have been conducted and 27 factors are chosen to achieve the 2000 to 2019 GRACL SCM model which robust and fit for Iranian food industries. The model shows that the agile, resilient and lean supply chain have direct effect on GSC and it can be said that all 27 groups which are selected for the final model of this research can be the main groups in the supply chain.


This paper was actually conducted by authors who reported it. To prevent plagiarized, redoubled efforts have been made and actually this paper is based on SLR methodology and the results are real and the researcher discusses the results appropriately. This investigation can have a positive impact within the field of expanding supply chain flexibility and lessening squander within the Iranian generation framework.



The authors would like to thank Science and Research department of Islamic Azad University of Tabriz for their generous support. Also special thanks to the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments during this work.


Sadeghi Asl, R., Bagherzadeh Khajeh, M., Pasban, M. and Rostamzadeh, R. (2023), "A systematic literature review on supply chain approaches", Journal of Modelling in Management, Vol. 18 No. 2, pp. 372-415.



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