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Exploring consumer attitudes and purchasing intentions of cross-border online shopping in Korea

Bangwool Han (College of Commerce, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, The Republic of Korea)
Minho Kim (College of Commerce, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, The Republic of Korea)
Jaehoon Lee (Department of Marketing, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, USA)

Journal of Korea Trade

ISSN: 1229-828X

Article publication date: 11 June 2018

Issue publication date: 2 July 2018

Abstract

Purpose

Using the theory of planned behavior as its basis, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationships among beliefs about electronic service quality (E-S-QUAL); consumers’ need for uniqueness (CNFU); and beliefs about perceived behavioral control, expectations of important others, and cross-border online purchasing behavioral intention. The effects of E-S-QUAL and CNFU on attitude are examined with data collected from Korean consumers who have cross-border online purchasing experience.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors evaluate the research model in this study and test the hypotheses using partial least squares, an OLS regression-based estimation method that focuses on predicting independent variables hypothesized to have a causal relationship that maximizes the explanatory variance of the dependent variable.

Findings

Analysis of the data emphasizes that beliefs about E-S-QUAL and CNFU positively affect attitudes toward buying online from international sites, which in turn positively affect purchasing intention. Also, beliefs about self-efficacy and normative structure regarding cross-border online purchasing positively affect behavioral intentions.

Originality/value

This paper develops a conceptual model explaining consumers’ intentions to shop online across national borders. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, none of the previous studies have particularly mentioned the associations between beliefs about e-service quality and actual behavioral intentions in the context of cross-border online shopping. Also, the important role of CNFU has been ignored as one of the factors that can affect consumers’ decisions to shop online beyond national borders. In regard to this matter, the authors aim to investigate cross-border online shopping factors that can help international e-commerce gain a better understanding of the needs of their consumers.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This paper was supported by the research funds of Chonbuk National University in 2014.

Citation

Han, B., Kim, M. and Lee, J. (2018), "Exploring consumer attitudes and purchasing intentions of cross-border online shopping in Korea", Journal of Korea Trade, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 86-104. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKT-10-2017-0093

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Korea Trade and Research Association