This study aims to shed light on the internal and external antecedents of open innovation (OI) in the context of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), with a special focus on the role of knowledge management (KM) capability. The paper develops and tests an integrative research model which assesses the effect of internal factors on KM capability; the impact of organizational and external factors, namely, KM capability and environmental dynamism, on OI; and whether environmental dynamism moderates the relationship between KM capability and OI.
Drawing on the knowledge-based view and the social exchange and the contingency theories, this paper develops an integrative research model which analyzes several relations between organizational antecedents of KM capability and its effect on OI by using covariance-based structural equation modeling on a data set of Spanish SMEs.
Results confirm that information technology-supported operations and commitment-based human resource practices have a positive and significant influence on KM capability. In contrast, results do not find support for the relationship between interdepartmental connectedness and KM capability, whereas both KM capability and environmental dynamism have a direct influence on OI.
This paper adds to existing research on OI, as it is the first study that addresses the critical role of KM capability for the implementation of OI.
Martinez-Conesa, I., Soto-Acosta, P. and Carayannis, E.G. (2017), "On the path towards open innovation: assessing the role of knowledge management capability and environmental dynamism in SMEs", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 21 No. 3, pp. 553-570. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-09-2016-0403
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