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A dual-pathway model of knowledge exchange: linking human and psychosocial capital with prosocial knowledge effectiveness

Sanjay Kumar Singh (College of Business, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)
Shashank Mittal (Rajagiri Business School, Cochin, Kerala, India)
Atri Sengupta (Department of Organizational Behavior and Human Resources Management, Indian Institute of Management, Sambalpur, Sambalpur, India)
Rabindra Kumar Pradhan (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India)

Journal of Knowledge Management

ISSN: 1367-3270

Article publication date: 13 May 2019

Issue publication date: 17 June 2019




This study aims to examine a dual-pathway model that recognizes two distinct (formal and informal) but complementary mechanisms of knowledge exchanges – knowledge sharing and knowledge helping. It also investigates how team members use their limited human and psychosocial capital for prosocial knowledge effectiveness.


A survey-based approach was used to examine the hypotheses of the study. A moderated-mediation model was proposed and tested using bootstrap approach.


Knowledge sharing and knowledge helping were found to be the significant links through which human capital (capability) and psychosocial capital (motivation and efficacy) significantly predict prosocial knowledge effectiveness. Post hoc analysis suggests that human capital through knowledge sharing influences team learning, whereas the psychosocial capital through knowledge helping influences team leadership.


The present study found two distinct but complementary and yet necessary mechanisms of knowledge exchanges to be linked as the important outlay for the human and psychosocial capital to be effective in the prosocial knowledge behaviours.



Singh, S.K., Mittal, S., Sengupta, A. and Pradhan, R.K. (2019), "A dual-pathway model of knowledge exchange: linking human and psychosocial capital with prosocial knowledge effectiveness", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 23 No. 5, pp. 889-914.



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Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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