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The spirit of Islamic economics versus loan sharks: investigating intentions to use loan sharks in Aceh, Indonesia

Safwan Kamal (Department of Zakat and Waqf Management, Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, IAIN Langsa, Langsa, Indonesia)
Muslem Muslem (Department of English Education, IAIN Langsa, Langsa, Indonesia)
Mulyadi Mulyadi (Department of Postgraduate, IAIN Langsa, Langsa, Indonesia)
Izra Berakon (Department of Sharia Finance Management, Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)

Journal of Islamic Marketing

ISSN: 1759-0833

Article publication date: 14 June 2024

14

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to determine whether the relationship between the Muslim community and moneylenders is important even though the practice of moneylenders is clearly forbidden in Islam. This study examines a model consisting of two major theories, namely, the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and marketing theory, and the existence of the religiosity variable as a moderator.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a structural equation modeling (SEM); SEM was chosen because it has effectiveness in revealing estimates of direct and indirect effects and shows moderating values. Manual questionnaires were distributed to 385 Acehnese who use loan shark services.

Findings

The combination of TPB and marketing theory constructs has a significant influence on the intention to use loan shark services. Then, the existence of the word-of-mouth variable significantly mediates the relationship between service and subjective norms and the intention to use loan shark services. In fact, the position of the religiosity variable has a significant negative effect on the intention to use loan shark services, and in terms of the moderating effect, it has been demonstrated that religiosity weakens the relationships between the services provided by loan sharks and the intention to use loan shark services.

Research limitations/implications

This study has several limitations. First, sampling is still limited and can still be expanded. Second, it is difficult to get data and there are people who refuse to be sampled. Third, this study succeeded in capturing the phenomenon of the behavioral intentions of people who have a religious spirit but are still associated with moneylenders.

Practical implications

This research provides material implications for the Aceh Government, especially in managing public funds. Indeed, Aceh is a productive province that has produced policies and regulations that encourage the Sharia economy; it is just that the use of social funds and Islamic philanthropy in Aceh has not been maximized, which has led to the growth of a network of moneylenders. Because of this, Aceh, which has been successful in producing the law for Islamic financial institutions, should also be successful in destroying the moneylender network by synergizing to create alternatives and financial solutions for the community, especially the lower and middle classes.

Social implications

This research explains that the level of religiosity can dampen and reduce the intention to use loan shark services; therefore, it is important for the community to understand the dangerous impact of using loan shark services and expand the role of community leaders in socializing the idea of lending money to loan sharks.

Originality/value

Due to the lack of studies on the behavior of Muslims using the services of moneylenders, therefore, this study provides new knowledge of the literature on the economic behavior of Muslim communities who continue to use the services of moneylenders. This study develops TPB theory and marketing theory in one model and involves the religiosity variable as a moderator.

Keywords

Citation

Kamal, S., Muslem, M., Mulyadi, M. and Berakon, I. (2024), "The spirit of Islamic economics versus loan sharks: investigating intentions to use loan sharks in Aceh, Indonesia", Journal of Islamic Marketing, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-09-2022-0254

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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