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Effect of religiosity on the decision to participate in a boycott: The moderating effect of brand loyalty – the case of Coca-Cola

Fawzi Dekhil (Department of Marketing, FSEG Tunis, Aryanah, Tunisia)
Hajer Jridi (Department of Marketing, FSEG Tunis, Aryanah, Tunisia)
Hana Farhat (Department of Marketing, FSEG Tunis, Aryanah, Tunisia)

Journal of Islamic Marketing

ISSN: 1759-0833

Article publication date: 12 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

This research aims to analyze the effects of religiosity on the decision to participate in a boycott and the effect of a boycott on attitudes toward the boycotted brand. It also aims to measure the moderating effect of brand loyalty on the different models the authors discuss.

Design/methodology/approach

An experiment involving 165 Tunisian individuals during a call for a boycott of products of the Coca-Cola Company, which supports the Israeli army against Palestine, was conducted. Data analyses were conducted via two principal stages using SPSS 20.0 and Smart PLS 2.0.

Findings

The findings show that degree of religiosity was one of the antecedents of decision to participate in a boycott, and this decision has a negative effect on the attitude toward the brand being boycotted. The paper also has been able to show that brand loyalty moderates the relation of the present model. It diminishes the effect of religiosity on boycotting.

Research limitations/implications

Among the limits of the study is the fact that the authors relied on the investigation of only one product/brand (namely, Coca-Cola). In addition, the samples subjected to inquiry by the authors were chosen for their convenience.

Practical implications

Besides, the presentation of boycotted products in stores has a negative effect on the sales of the surrounding “non-boycotted” products (Friedman, 1999a). The authors note here that marketers can derive huge benefits from the exploration of boycott, for many reasons. The company must insist on the satisfaction and trust of their consumers, which are the bases of the loyalty. They must define the marketing strategy to increase the loyalty. This will diminish the effect of religiosity on the decision to participate in the boycott.

Social implications

The results allow us to assert that the decision to participate in a boycott has a negative effect on the attitude of the consumer and on the brand to be boycotted. Investigating the moderating effect of loyalty on the relation between religiosity and the decision to participate in a boycott is very interesting.

Originality/value

This research has shown that religiosity has a positive effect on boycotting. Also, it was found that a boycott has a negative effect on attitudes toward the boycotted brand. Therefore, brand loyalty moderates negatively the effect of religiosity on the decision to participate in the boycott and moderates the effect of the boycott on brand attitude.

Keywords

Citation

Dekhil, F., Jridi, H. and Farhat, H. (2017), "Effect of religiosity on the decision to participate in a boycott: The moderating effect of brand loyalty – the case of Coca-Cola", Journal of Islamic Marketing, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 309-328. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-01-2013-0008

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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