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Money attitudes survey of business students in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan

Urmatbek M. Tynaliev (Institute for World Economy, Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest, Hungary and Business School, Kazakh-British Technical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan)
Carolyn Erdener (Bang College of Business, KIMEP University, Almaty, Kazakhstan)

Journal of International Education in Business

ISSN: 2046-469X

Article publication date: 30 May 2019

Issue publication date: 1 October 2019



The purpose of this study is to analyze the money attitudes among students at English-language business schools in the transitioning Central Asian nations of the former USSR, namely, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.


The survey was carried out in 2017, using previously established measures of Love of Money survey questionnaire. Over 300 undergraduate students in English-language business degree programs in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan participated in the survey. A few hypotheses were tested using three-way MANOVA to test the influence of three factors (country, gender and student years). In addition, post hoc analysis, and one- and two-way ANOVA methods were used for multiple comparisons.


The results showed evidence of increasing convergence among students who are farther along in the program. Some statistically significant differences were also found, mainly in regard to gender differences in money attitudes across countries and student levels. The results of statistical analysis suggest a need for further research on attitudes and values related to money in the modern nation states of Central Asia.


This study is one of first attempts to study the values and attitudes regarding money among the first generation of business students who were born and grew up after their respective countries gained independence. The findings imply the development of a relatively homogeneous labor pool for business organizations across regions that are characterized by increasing differentiation among countries within the region.



Tynaliev, U.M. and Erdener, C. (2019), "Money attitudes survey of business students in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan", Journal of International Education in Business, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 228-246.



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