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Service integration for improved diabetic and dental care: exploring an effective model for optimising health outcomes

Isaac S. Obeng (Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, School of Health, Coventry University, Coventry, UK)
Ikedinachi K. Ogamba (Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, School of Health, Coventry University, Coventry, UK)

Journal of Integrated Care

ISSN: 1476-9018

Article publication date: 19 November 2020

Issue publication date: 1 April 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

This study identifies and synthesizes existing literature on the integration of diabetic and dental services and explores a service integration model for optimising diabetic patient health outcomes and improving healthcare systems in low and middle-income countries.

Design/methodology/approach

Peer-reviewed literature that analysed the integration of health services regarding dental and medical services were reviewed. The articles were identified using the Academic Search Complete, Business Source Complete, CINAHL Complete, Google Scholar and MEDLINE databases and screened using the PRISMA guidelines.

Findings

A total of 40 full-text articles were examined for eligibility out of which 26 were selected for analysis. Diabetes was shown to contribute significantly to the global disease burden and this is also reflected in most low and middle-income countries. It is found that the integration of medical and dental services could help alleviate this burden. Hence, locally adapted Rainbow-Modified Integrated Care model is proposed to fill this integration gap.

Originality

The integration of dental and medical services has been proven to be useful in improving diabetic patient outcomes. Hence, the need to facilitate cross-professional collaboration between dentists and physicians cannot be overemphasised and this can be extended and locally adapted by different health systems across the world.

Practice Implications

The integration of dental and diabetic services using models such as the Rainbow Model of Integrated Care is recommended to optimise health outcomes of diabetic patients and enhancing service delivery, especially in resource-poor healthcare systems.

Keywords

Citation

Obeng, I.S. and Ogamba, I.K. (2021), "Service integration for improved diabetic and dental care: exploring an effective model for optimising health outcomes", Journal of Integrated Care, Vol. 29 No. 2, pp. 185-203. https://doi.org/10.1108/JICA-07-2020-0048

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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