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Intellectual capital information via Twitter: the effect on firm value

Giovanni Schiuma (Department of Engineering, LUM University, Casamassima, Italy)
Nicola Raimo (Department of Management, Finance and Technology, LUM University, Casamassima, Italy)
Stefano Bresciani (Department of Management, University of Turin, Turin, Italy) (University of Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus)
Alessandra Ricciardelli (Department of Management, Finance and Technology, LUM University, Casamassima, Italy)
Filippo Vitolla (Department of Management, Finance and Technology, LUM University, Casamassima, Italy)

Journal of Intellectual Capital

ISSN: 1469-1930

Article publication date: 30 April 2024

Issue publication date: 2 July 2024

75

Abstract

Purpose

Social media are emerging as the ideal channel for building one-to-many communication and disseminating intellectual capital (IC) information. Their rise is bringing out new research challenges to investigate the implications of their use. However, there needs to be more research contributions relating to the financial benefits of using social media for IC disclosure (ICD). This study aims to bridge this gap by analyzing, under the lens of signaling theory, the effect of ICD through Twitter on firm value.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on a content analysis of tweets disseminated by 262 companies aimed at examining the amount of IC information disclosed and on a regression analysis aimed at analyzing the impact of this type of information on firm value.

Findings

Empirical results show that a large ICD via Twitter favors an increase in firm value. They also demonstrate that disclosing information relating to the three IC dimensions positively affects the firm value. These findings suggest that actively and comprehensively communicating IC information via Twitter can help improve the perception and evaluation of the company by investors and other stakeholders.

Research limitations/implications

This study offers empirical evidence about the financial benefits associated with using social media as disclosure tools by companies. It also enriches the literature on the relationship between ICD and firm value and consolidates the goodness of the signaling theory as an ideal theoretical perspective to frame the relationship between IC information and firm value.

Practical implications

This study offers important managerial implications for firms and investors. In light of the significant financial benefits, firms should use social media to disclose IC information and should seek to increase their visibility on such platforms to convey the information to a greater number of users. Investors should also heed social media when gathering IC information, combining the analysis of these platforms with that of traditional corporate documents.

Originality/value

This study enriches the limited literature on ICD via social media and extends knowledge about the relationship between IC information and firm value. In this regard, the originality also lies in the individual analysis of the impact of the three IC dimensions on firm value.

Keywords

Citation

Schiuma, G., Raimo, N., Bresciani, S., Ricciardelli, A. and Vitolla, F. (2024), "Intellectual capital information via Twitter: the effect on firm value", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 25 No. 2/3, pp. 468-487. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIC-09-2023-0207

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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