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Does green intellectual capital matter for green innovation adoption? Evidence from the manufacturing SMEs of Pakistan

Waheed Ali (School of Economics and Finance, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China)
Jun Wen (School of Economics and Finance, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China)
Hadi Hussain (School of Economics and Finance, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China)
Nadeem Akhtar Khan (School of Economics and Finance, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China)
Muhammad Waleed Younas (School of Economics and Finance, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China)
Ihsan Jamil (School of Economics and Finance, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China)

Journal of Intellectual Capital

ISSN: 1469-1930

Article publication date: 17 March 2021

Abstract

Purpose

In the era of knowledge economy, the significance of intellectual capital has been increasing globally. Similarly, recent studies have focused on the importance of green intellectual capital in mitigating environmental degradation. However, only a few studies have analysed green intellectual capital and its impacts in the specific case of Pakistan. Hence, this study aims to investigate the effects of green intellectual capital on green innovation adoption in Pakistan’s manufacturing small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs).

Design/methodology/approach

We used a data sample of 235 SMEs, gathered from the four manufacturing sectors of Pakistan including: textile, chemical, pharmaceutical and steel and analysed using a multiple regression analysis approach.

Findings

The empirical results of this research indicate that green human capital and green structural capital significantly increase green innovation adoption. However, it must be noted that green relational capital has a positive but insignificant impact on green innovation adoption in manufacturing SMEs in Pakistan.

Originality/value

The findings and recommended policy measures of this study are important for the managers of manufacturing SMEs and policymakers to mitigate environmental destruction and achieve sustainable development through green intellectual capital.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to anonymous reviewers and editor for their insightful comments that has significantly improved the quality of this paper. Jun Wen is grateful to National Natural Science Foundation of China for the grant number 72074176.

Citation

Ali, W., Wen, J., Hussain, H., Khan, N.A., Younas, M.W. and Jamil, I. (2021), "Does green intellectual capital matter for green innovation adoption? Evidence from the manufacturing SMEs of Pakistan", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIC-06-2020-0204

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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