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Spiritual leadership and intellectual capital: mediating role of psychological safety and knowledge sharing

Raheel Yasin (Department of Business Administration, Government College Women University Sialkot, Sialkot, Pakistan)
Shaohua Yang (School of Business, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, China)
Aydan Huseynova (Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Zlín, Czech Republic)
Muhammad Atif (OCRE Research Laboratory, EDC Paris Business School, Paris, France)

Journal of Intellectual Capital

ISSN: 1469-1930

Article publication date: 28 November 2022




This study determines the nexus between spiritual leadership and psychological safety (PS). The authors explore the mediating role of PS and knowledge sharing to offer insights on how spiritual leadership can be advanced to better understand and support intellectual capital.


Data were collected using convenience sampling from the Pakistani automobile manufacturing industry. SPSS statistical software was used for descriptive analysis and hypotheses were tested by using the partial least square-structural equation modeling method.


The results demonstrate that spiritual leadership has a significant positive impact on PS; PS has a positive impact on knowledge sharing (KS) and KS has a positive impact on intellectual capital. Furthermore, PS mediates between spiritual leadership and KS. KS mediates between PS and human, social and organizational capital. Spiritual leadership also affects outside the boundaries of the organization and builds strong social relations with suppliers, buyers, etc.

Research limitations/implications

This study provides a deeper understanding of spiritual leadership in the context of KS and intellectual capital in the automobile sector of Pakistan.

Practical implications

This study encourages managers to nurture a philosophy of altruistic love that exerts a positive influence on employees. It will enrich their experience and promote a culture of KS.

Social implications

This study has social implications for organizations seeking to situate their inclusive goals in society. The findings of this study can help promote harmony as employees who feel psychologically safe are more willing to spread it in society.


This study theoretically contributes the big picture that how spiritual leadership contributes to intellectual capital and adds to the literature on the topic.



Funding: This research was funded by the Internal Grant Agency of Fame through Tomas Bata University in Zlin under award number IGA/FaME/2022/008.


Yasin, R., Yang, S., Huseynova, A. and Atif, M. (2022), "Spiritual leadership and intellectual capital: mediating role of psychological safety and knowledge sharing", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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