To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Intellectual capital: the missing link in the corporate social responsibility–financial performance relationship

Niccolò Nirino (Department of Management, University of Turin, Turin, Italy)
Alberto Ferraris (Department of Management, University of Turin, Turin, Italy) (Research Fellow of the Laboratory for International and Regional Economics, Graduate School of Economics and Management, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, Russia)
Nicola Miglietta (Department of Management, University of Turin, Turin, Italy)
Anna Chiara Invernizzi (University of Eastern Piedmont, Novara, Italy)

Journal of Intellectual Capital

ISSN: 1469-1930

Article publication date: 15 October 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose and empirically test intellectual capital (IC) as a mediator in the corporate social responsibility (CSR) and financial performance (FP) relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

The empirical research was conducted on 345 European firms listed in the STOXX Europe 600 index. To evaluate the mediating effect of IC, we applied the four-step Baron and Kenny model, tested through an ordinary least squares regression analysis.

Findings

The findings highlighted a partial mediation of IC on the CSR–FP relationship, suggesting that the implementation of CSR strategies has a positive effect on the development of firms' IC, which in turn enhances firms' competitive advantage and superior long-term FPs.

Originality/value

We found a new mediator in the CSR–FP relationship and we contribute to a new line of research that aims to study environmental and sustainability aspects strictly interrelated with IC and performances (sustainable intellectual capital).

Keywords

Citation

Nirino, N., Ferraris, A., Miglietta, N. and Invernizzi, A.C. (2020), "Intellectual capital: the missing link in the corporate social responsibility–financial performance relationship", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIC-02-2020-0038

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited