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Working capital management, financial performance and growth of firms: empirical evidence from India

Kumar Sanjay Sawarni (Department of Accounting and Finance, Indian Institute of Management Ranchi, Ranchi, India)
Sivasankaran Narayanasamy (Department of Finance, XLRI Xavier School of Management, Jamshedpur, India)
Subir Chattopadhyay (Department of Management Studies, ICFAI University, Ranchi, India)
Prasenjit Chakrabarti (Department of Accounting and Finance, Indian Institute of Management Ranchi, Ranchi, India)

Journal of Indian Business Research

ISSN: 1755-4195

Article publication date: 19 April 2022

Issue publication date: 29 November 2022

293

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate how firms growing at a high average rate over a period differ in their working capital management (WCM) efficiency from those growing at a low rate during the same period. It also examines how WCM efficiency impacts firms’ financial performance and how firms’ growth influences this relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have analyzed the difference in WCM efficiency of a sample of 431 nonfinancial firms during 2012 to 2019 by segregating them into above median growth (AMG) and below median growth (BMG) firms. The authors have used fixed effect regression to investigate the impact of cash conversion cycle, inventory days, accounts receivable days and accounts payable days on the financial performance and the effect of growth on this relationship.

Findings

This study finds that AMG firms manage their working capital significantly more efficiently than BMG firms. It also reports that the WCM efficiency impacts the profitability and valuation of firms positively; however, this relationship is more intense for firms growing at a high rate than for those growing at a low rate.

Originality/value

This research should contribute to the less researched area of WCM by finding the effect of growth on the relationship between WCM efficiency and performance. The evidence found in this study may be of interest for industry practitioners and managers in identifying WCM efficiency as an important driver for the financial performance of their firms.

Keywords

Citation

Sawarni, K.S., Narayanasamy, S., Chattopadhyay, S. and Chakrabarti, P. (2022), "Working capital management, financial performance and growth of firms: empirical evidence from India", Journal of Indian Business Research, Vol. 14 No. 4, pp. 361-381. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIBR-12-2020-0382

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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