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Dividend reduction and stock price reaction in Indian market: is there a role of share repurchase?

Chanchal Chatterjee (Department of Finance Management, International Management Institute Kolkata, Kolkata, India)
Sweta Tiwari (Department of Finance, International Management Institute Kolkata, Kolkata, India)

Journal of Indian Business Research

ISSN: 1755-4195

Article publication date: 14 July 2022

Issue publication date: 29 November 2022

162

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyze the stock price reaction because of dividend reduction (DR) announcements in the Indian equity market, controlling for share repurchases.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample comprises National Stock Exchange (NSE) 500 companies listed in the NSE Ltd. covering a time span from year 2009 to 2019. Using the event study methodology, the authors measure the impact of DR announcements on security prices around the event day. The authors also examine the price response to DRs at the interim stage versus the final stage and identify the factors that drive the decision to reduce dividends at the interim level versus final level.

Findings

The authors find that overall DR announcements negatively impact abnormal returns. Firms that experience stronger adverse price reaction following DR announcements resort to share repurchase in the same year to boost stock prices. The authors find that interim DRs create more negative price reactions than final DRs. Finally, firms experiencing lower levels of prior year earnings, firms with smaller sizes and overvalued firms tend to reduce dividends at the interim level instead of postponing the reduction to the final level.

Originality/value

This paper examines stock price reaction because of DR announcements of Indian firms. The sample comprises firms that reduce dividends with contemporaneous share repurchases as well as firms that reduce dividends without contemporaneous repurchase activity. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, studies on substitution effect of dividends with buyback in the context of Indian equity market are rare. Further, investigating the difference in stock price movement because of DRs at the interim level versus the final level is the unique contribution of this paper.

Keywords

Citation

Chatterjee, C. and Tiwari, S. (2022), "Dividend reduction and stock price reaction in Indian market: is there a role of share repurchase?", Journal of Indian Business Research, Vol. 14 No. 4, pp. 447-471. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIBR-11-2020-0348

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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