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Board human capital diversity and firm performance: evidence from top listed Indian firms

Rupjyoti Saha (School of Commerce, XIM University, Bhubaneswar, India)
Santi Gopal Maji (Department of Commerce, Tezpur University, Tezpur, India)

Journal of Indian Business Research

ISSN: 1755-4195

Article publication date: 19 May 2022

Issue publication date: 29 November 2022

254

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the impact of board human capital diversity, measured by educational qualification diversity and gender diversity on the financial performance of Indian firms after controlling corporate governance (CG) and firm-specific variables.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on a panel data set of top 100 listed Indian firms for a period of five years. The authors use Blau index and Shannon index to compute qualification diversity. The authors use three-stage least square (3SLS) model to deal with the potential endogeneity issue in the association of human capital diversity variables and other CG variables with firm performance. Further, the authors adopt generalized estimating equation (GEE) model for robustness check.

Findings

The authors find a significant positive impact of board’s educational diversity as well as gender diversity on the financial performance of firms. Additionally, they extricate highly significant positive interaction impact of board’s educational diversity and gender diversity on the financial performance of firms. Further, the results indicate a significant positive impact of board size, board independence, ownership concentration, family ownership and audit committee independence on firm performance, while CEO duality exhibits a significant negative impact on firm performance.

Originality/value

This study fills the existing gap in literature by extending the performance implications of board’s human capital diversity for top listed Indian firms.

Keywords

Citation

Saha, R. and Maji, S.G. (2022), "Board human capital diversity and firm performance: evidence from top listed Indian firms", Journal of Indian Business Research, Vol. 14 No. 4, pp. 382-402. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIBR-08-2021-0289

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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