To read this content please select one of the options below:

Macroeconomic shocks, fragility and home financing in Malaysia: can rental index be the answer?

Rosylin Mohd Yusof (Islamic Business School, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)
Farrell Hazsan Usman (Islamic Business School, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)
Akhmad Affandi Mahfudz (Islamic Business School, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)
Ahmad Suki Arif (School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)

Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research

ISSN: 1759-0817

Article publication date: 2 January 2018

1147

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the interactions among macroeconomic variable shocks, banking fragility and home financing provided by conventional and Islamic banks in Malaysia. Identifying the causes of financial instability and the effects of macroeconomic shocks can help to foil the onset of future financial turbulence.

Design/methodology/approach

The autoregressive distributed lag bound-testing cointegration approach, impulse response functions (IRFs) and forecast error variance decomposition are used in this study to unravel the long-run and short-run dynamics among the selected macroeconomic variables and amount of home financing offered by both conventional and Islamic banks. In addition, the study uses Granger causality tests to investigate the short-run causalities among the selected variables to further understand the impact of one macroeconomic shock to Islamic and conventional home financing.

Findings

This study provides evidence that macroeconomic shocks have different long-run and short-run effects on amount of home financing offered by conventional and Islamic banks. Both in the long run and short run, home financing provided by Islamic banks is more linked to real sector economy and thus is more stable as compared to home financing provided by conventional banks. The Granger causality test reveals that only gross domestic product (GDP), Kuala Lumpur Syariah Index (KLSI)/Kuala Lumpur Composite Index (KLCI) and house price index (HPI) are found to have a statistically significant causal relationship with home financing offered by both conventional and Islamic banks. Unlike the case of Islamic banks, conventional home financing is found to have a unidirectional causality with interest rates.

Research limitations/implications

This study has focused on analyzing the macroeconomic shocks on home financing. However, this study does not assess the impact of financial deregulation and enhanced information technology on amount of financing offered by both conventional and Islamic banks. In addition, it is not within the ambit of this present study to examine the effects of agency costs and information asymmetry.

Practical implications

The analysis of cointegration and IRFs exhibits that in the long run and short run, home financing provided by Islamic banks are more linked to real sector economy like GDP and House Prices (HPI) and therefore more resilient to economic vulnerabilities as compared to home financing provided by conventional banks. However, in the long run, both conventional and Islamic banks are more susceptible to fluctuations in interest rates. The results of the study suggest that monetary policy ramifications to improve banking fragility should focus on stabilizing interest rates or finding an alternative that is free from interest.

Social implications

Because interest plays a significant role in pricing of home loans, the potential of an alternative such as rental rate is therefore timely and worth the effort to investigate further. Therefore, Islamic banks can explore the possibility of pricing home financing based on rental rate as proposed in this study.

Originality/value

This paper examines the unresolved issues in Islamic home financing where Islamic banks still benchmark their products especially home financing, to interest rates in dual banking system such as in the case of Malaysia. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, studies conducted in this area are meager and therefore is imperative to be examined.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to express great appreciation to the International Research and Training Institute (IRTI), Islamic Development bank, Jeddah for funding this study. They acknowledge with thanks to those who have contributed toward successful completion of this project.

Citation

Mohd Yusof, R., Usman, F.H., Mahfudz, A.A. and Arif, A.S. (2018), "Macroeconomic shocks, fragility and home financing in Malaysia: can rental index be the answer?", Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 17-44. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIABR-11-2015-0058

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles