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Awareness and knowledge of Islamic accounting system among accounting students in the Nigerian universities

Isah Umar Kibiya (Department of Accounting, Yusuf Maitama Sule University Kano, Kano, Nigeria)
Mustapha Usman (Department of Accounting, Al-Qalam University Katsina, Katsina, Nigeria)
Shafi'u Abubakar Kurfi (Department of Accounting, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University Katsina, Katsina, Nigeria)
Kabir Tahir Hamid (Department of Accounting, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria)

Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research

ISSN: 1759-0817

Article publication date: 23 December 2022

31

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to analyse the level of awareness and knowledge of Islamic accounting among accounting students in the Nigerian universities. Furthermore, the study also compares the students’ understanding of Islamic and conventional accounting.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used survey research design through the administration of questionnaire on a sample of university undergraduate and post-graduate accounting students across the north-west region in Nigeria. The data generated for the study was analysed using Cronbach’s alpha, mean, standard deviation and inferential statistics.

Findings

The study found that the accounting students have an adequate awareness and basic knowledge of Islamic accounting as they were able to contrast Islamic accounting from conventional accounting. Also, in their aspiration towards learning Islamic accounting, they agreed that Islamic accounting should be made a compulsory course in accounting curriculum.

Research limitations/implications

This study focusses on north-west region of Nigeria. Hence, data and more in-depth analysis can be further improved by considering a whole country as diverse as Nigeria. Also, only a questionnaire was used by the study. Hence, further studies can use face-to-face interviews to fully extract the awareness and knowledge of the target respondents. Lastly, majority of the respondents are Muslims given the area where the study was conducted, hence, non-Muslims are not properly represented.

Practical implications

Despite its limitations, this study is still of importance in providing insights on both undergraduate and post-graduate students’ level of awareness and knowledge of Islamic accounting. This course is unique as it is different in orientation compared with other existing courses on offer. This paper also provides an invaluable insight, therefore, National University Commission of Nigeria, Islamic institutions and professional bodies like Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria and Association of National Accountants of Nigeria should make continues effort towards promoting the awareness and knowledge of Islamic accounting by properly integrating same into academic and professional curricula and other training and sensitisation programs. In doing so, Islamic accounting subjects could be introduced as independent courses for selection by the student. Courses like Islamic Accounting and Finance, Accounting for Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs), Accounting for Waqf, Accounting for Zakat, Shariah auditing, Corporate Shariah Governance, Education and Ethics could be introduced across levels to enable students learn more of Islamic accounting.

Social implications

Proper integration of Islamic accounting into academic and professional courses would greatly contribute to the production of experts most importantly ethical and God-fearing accountants for the growth and development of IFIs in Nigeria.

Originality/value

This paper examines Nigerian university undergraduate and post-graduate students’ level of awareness and knowledge of Islamic accounting in the north-west region of Nigeria.

Keywords

Citation

Kibiya, I.U., Usman, M., Kurfi, S.A. and Hamid, K.T. (2022), "Awareness and knowledge of Islamic accounting system among accounting students in the Nigerian universities", Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIABR-07-2021-0186

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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