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Social media analytics in hospitality and tourism: A systematic literature review and future trends

Farshid Mirzaalian (Department of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada)
Elizabeth Halpenny (Department of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada)

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology

ISSN: 1757-9880

Article publication date: 28 October 2019

Issue publication date: 21 November 2019

2487

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of hospitality and tourism studies that have used social media analytics to collect, examine, summarize and interpret “big data” derived from social media. It proposes improved approaches by documenting past and current analytic practice addressed by the selected studies in social media analytics.

Design/methodology/approach

Studies from the past 18 years were identified and collected from five international electronic bibliographic databases. Social media analytics-related terms and keywords in the titles, keywords or abstracts were used to identify relevant articles. Book chapters, conference papers and articles not written in English were excluded from analysis. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guided the search, and Stieglitz and Dang-Xuan’s (2013) social media analytics framework was adapted to categorize methods reported in each article.

Findings

The research purpose of each study was identified and categorized to better understand the questions social media analytics were being used to address, as well as the frequency of each method’s use. Since 2014, rapid growth of social media analytics was observed, along with an expanded use of multiple analytic methods, including accuracy testing. These factors suggest an increased commitment to and competency in conducting comprehensive and robust social media data analyses. Improved use of methods such as social network analysis, comparative analysis and trend analysis is recommended. Consumer-review networks and social networking sites were the main social media platforms from which data were gathered; simultaneous analysis of multi-platform/sources of data is recommended to improve validity and comprehensive understanding.

Originality/value

This is the first systematic literature review of the application of social media analytics in hospitality and tourism research. The study highlights advancements in social media analytics and recommends an expansion of approaches; common analytical methods such as text analysis and sentiment analysis should be supplemented by infrequently used approaches such as comparative analysis and spatial analysis.

研究目的

本文对酒店旅游学科中采用社交媒体数据分析的文献进行梳理。本文通过审阅其相关分析方法的文献来提出分析方法的改进策略。

研究设计/方法/途径

样本数据包括过去18年中五个国际在线文献索引库中的文献。搜索通过标题、关键词、或者摘要中出现社交媒体数据分析等相关字样的文章。书章节、会议文章、以及非英文文章未被收录在索引中。系统回顾和文献综述的方法(PRISMA)指导本文文献索引, Stieglitz和Dang-Xuan(2013)社交媒体数据分析框架作为本文文献分类的方法。

研究结果

本文汇报了每篇文献的研究目的以及系统归类以更好理解社交媒体数据分析的研究问题以及每种方法的使用频率。自2014年起, 社交媒体数据分析快速增长, 以及其他相关分析方法, 包括精度测试(accuracy testing)。这些结果表明更多全面、稳定的分析方法需求增强以及竞争激烈。本文推荐使用改良方法, 比如社交网络分析法、比较分析、趋势分析等。消费者评价网络和社交网站成为主要社交媒体网络数据的提供平台。本文推荐多源数据应该同步分析以提高有效性和全面性的理解。

研究原创性/价值

本文是首篇酒店旅游领域中对社交媒体数据分析的系统文献回顾型文章。本文强调了社交媒体数据分析的先进性以及扩展其方法的全面性;常见分析方法比如文本分析和情感分析应该结合非常见的分析方法比如比较分析法和空间分析法进行系统分析。

关键词 – 关键词 对比分析, 情感分析, 用户原创内容,社交媒体分析, 主题模型, 空间分析, 文本分析文章类型 文献综述

Keywords

Citation

Mirzaalian, F. and Halpenny, E. (2019), "Social media analytics in hospitality and tourism: A systematic literature review and future trends", Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 764-790. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHTT-08-2018-0078

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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