Exploring influential factors affecting guest satisfaction: Big data and business analytics in consumer-generated reviews
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology
Article publication date: 17 March 2020
Issue publication date: 20 May 2020
Electronic word of mouth in the form of user-generated content (UGC) in social media plays an important role in influencing customer decision-making and enhancing service providers’ brand images, sales and service innovations. While few research studies have explored real content generated by hotel guests in social media, business analytics techniques are still not widely seen in the literature and how such techniques can be deployed to benefit hoteliers has not been fully explored. Thus, this study aims to explore the significant factors that affect hotel guest satisfaction via UGC and business analytics and also to showcase the use of business analytics tools for both the hospitality industry and the academic world.
This study uses big data and business analytics techniques. Big data and business analytics enable hoteliers to develop effective and efficient strategies improving products and services for guest satisfaction. Therefore, this study analyzes 200,431 hotel reviews on Tripadvisor.com through business analytics to explore and assess the significant factors affecting guest satisfaction.
The findings show that service, room and value evaluations are the top-three factors affecting overall guests’ satisfaction. While brand type and negative emotions are negatively associated with guests’ satisfaction, all other factors considered were positively associated with guests’ satisfaction.
The current study serves as a great starting point to further explore the relationship between specific evaluation factors and guests’ overall satisfaction by analyzing user-generated online reviews through business analytics so as to assist hoteliers to resolve performance-related problems by analyzing service gaps that exist in these influential factors.
以消费者评论为主体的社交网络口碑营销对于影响消费者决策和提高服务提供商的品牌形象、销量、和服务创新起到重要作用。然而, 很少研究探索社交媒体上的真正酒店客人评论。因此, 商务分析技术在文献中还是很少使用的, 这种技术应该更多得到科研上的应用以给酒店从业人员给与启示。因此, 本论文旨在探究影响酒店顾客满意度的因素, 通过消费者评论和商务分析, 以展示商务分析技术是如何为酒店业和科研界来使用的。
本论文使用大数据和商务分析技术来进行数据分析。大数据和商务分析能够为酒店从业人员开发有效战略以提高产品和服务质量, 最后达到顾客满意。因此, 本论文分析了Tripadvisor.com的200, 431酒店评论数, 通过商务分析技术, 以探索和审视影响顾客满意度的重要因素。
本论文是利用消费者评论的商务分析来探究影响顾客满意度与具体衡量因素之间关系的起点范例, 以此, 帮助酒店从业商来解决服务中的欠缺因素, 提高绩效。
Lee, M., Cai, Y.(M)., DeFranco, A. and Lee, J. (2020), "Exploring influential factors affecting guest satisfaction: Big data and business analytics in consumer-generated reviews", Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 137-153. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHTT-07-2018-0054
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