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The impact of digitalization on labor productivity evolution: evidence from China

Malin Song (School of Statistics and Applied Mathematics, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu, China)
Weiliang Tao (School of Statistics and Applied Mathematics, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu, China)
Zhiyang Shen (School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China)

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology

ISSN: 1757-9880

Article publication date: 31 August 2022

245

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the impact and mechanism of digital development on enterprise labor productivity. In addition, this study empirically analyzes the nonlinear impact of digitalization on labor productivity.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper uses a fixed effect model, a mediation effect model and a panel threshold model to test the theoretical hypothesis of this study.

Findings

The results demonstrated that digitalization had a promotional effect on labor productivity, with approximately 18% of this effect achieved through transmission and influence on human capital. In addition, the novelty of this study lies in the discovery that digitization has an obvious nonlinear positive effect on corporate labor productivity. The results suggest that companies should increase investment in data-driven innovation capabilities, improve the implementation of digital talent training plans, improve their financing capacity and strengthen corporate internal management, while the government should provide appropriate policy support differently for various enterprises.

Originality/value

This study takes China’s Shanghai and Shenzhen A-share listed companies as the research object, systematically examines the impact and mechanism of digital development on enterprise labor productivity and explores the nonlinear relationship between digitalization and enterprise labor productivity, which is a new angle.

研究目的

本文旨在探讨数字化发展对企业劳动生产率的影响及其机制。此外, 本研究实证分析了数字化对劳动生产率的非线性影响。

研究设计/方法/途径

本文采用固定效应模型、中介效应模型和面板门槛模型来检验本研究的理论假设。

研究发现

结果表明, 数字化对劳动生产率有促进作用, 其中约 18% 是通过对人力资本的传导和影响来实现的。此外, 本文的新颖之处在于发现了数字化对企业劳动生产率具有显著的非线性正效应。结果表明, 企业应加大对数据驱动创新能力的投入, 完善数字化人才培养计划的实施, 提高融资能力, 加强企业内部管理, 政府应针对各类企业提供差异化的政策支持。

研究原创性

本研究以中国沪深A股上市公司为研究对象, 系统考察了数字化发展对企业劳动生产率的影响和机制, 探讨了数字化与企业劳动生产率之间的非线性关系, 这是一个新的研究角度。

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Major Project of the National Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 20ZDA084), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 72104028), and the financial support from the Beijing Institute of Technology Research Fund Program for Young Scholars.

Citation

Song, M., Tao, W. and Shen, Z. (2022), "The impact of digitalization on labor productivity evolution: evidence from China", Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHTT-03-2022-0075

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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