The purpose of this paper is to provide an evaluation of the key antecedents of leave intention demonstrated by nurses employed in UK National Health Service (NHS).
Survey assessment of a sample of 433 nurses employed within the NHS was undertaken, potential relationships relating to both affective commitment and leave intention and work-place experiences assessed through leader-member exchange (LMX) and perceived organisational support (POS) have been evaluated quantitatively, using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equations modelling (SEM).
The study indicates that both LMX and POS act as direct antecedents to nurses’ leave intention. Additionally, both LMX and POS in combination, significantly effect employees’ affective commitment, the latter further impacting on employee leave intention. This would suggest that both LMX and POS have a significant role to play in employee leave intention that is partially mediated by affective commitment, further analysis confirming this to be the case.
The sample of nurses is large in absolute terms, permitting the CFA/SEM analysis undertaken, although the data represented only two NHS trusts, hence generalisation across the NHS should be done so cautiously. Various other drivers of leave intention, personal and organisational, have not been assessed here.
The implications of these results are that to safeguard nurse retention, appropriate line manager engagement is crucial, but this requires organisational support that is recognised by the employees, especially to enhance their levels of affective commitment.
This is given by providing NHS-based assessment of the role of both POS and LMX in the realisation of both affective commitment and desire to remain with their current organisations amongst members of the UK nursing profession.
The authors would like to thank and acknowledge the support from Dr Yvonne Brunetto, Dr Kate Shacklock and Dr Rod Farr-Wharton in allowing their research tool to be utilised. No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors. This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Robson, A. and Robson, F. (2016), "Investigation of nurses’ intention to leave: a study of a sample of UK nurses", Journal of Health Organization and Management, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 154-173. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHOM-05-2013-0100Download as .RIS
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