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Hospital performance dashboards: a literature review

Sandra C. Buttigieg (Department of Health Services Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malta, Msida, Malta)
Adriana Pace (Department of Health Services Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malta, Msida, Malta)
Cheryl Rathert (Department of Health Administration, School of Health Professions, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA)

Journal of Health Organization and Management

ISSN: 1477-7266

Article publication date: 15 May 2017




The purpose of this paper is to give a comprehensive and updated analysis of the available literature on hospital dashboards.


A search of the current literature was performed by searching electronic databases, including Google Scholar, EBSCO and Medline, as well as books.


In all, 48 manuscripts consisting of peer reviewed articles, conference proceedings, case reports and text books were included in this review.

Practical implications

Despite the numerous advantages of performance dashboards, several authors have mentioned a number of challenges. It was evident from the literature that any setting requires significant effort, especially to ensure the quality of data being collected. In fact, significant investment, both in terms of financial and human resources, is required to achieve an effective dashboard. Furthermore, most of the studies available in the literature were individual case reports or anecdotal accounts rather than empirical studies. Thus, further research is required to ascertain the effectiveness of performance dashboards. In view of these findings, each organisation should make its own decisions whether or not to adopt performance dashboards.


Most of the literature is fragmented as it reports the use of different types of dashboards, namely strategic, tactical and operational, as separate tools. This literature review contributes to knowledge as it brings together the different types of dashboards and the cascading effect of one dashboard onto another in order to achieve and retain organisational alignment with the overall strategic goals.



Buttigieg, S.C., Pace, A. and Rathert, C. (2017), "Hospital performance dashboards: a literature review", Journal of Health Organization and Management, Vol. 31 No. 3, pp. 385-406.



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Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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