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Humanitarian supply chain strategies – a review of how actors mitigate supply chain risks

Marianne Jahre (Department of Industrial Management and Logistics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden) (Department of Accounting, Auditing and Business Analytics, BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway)

Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management

ISSN: 2042-6747

Article publication date: 7 August 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to link humanitarian logistics (HL) and supply chain risk management (SCRM) to provide an understanding of risk mitigation strategies that humanitarian organisations use, or could use, to improve their logistics preparedness.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on systematic reviews of RMS in SCRM and supply chain strategies (SCS) in HL literature, a framework is developed and used to review published case studies in HL.

Findings

The study finds that humanitarian actors use a number of the strategies proposed in the framework, particularly those related to strategic stocks, postponement, and collaboration. Strategies related to sourcing and procurement, however, especially those on supplier relationships, seem to be lacking in both research and practice.

Research limitations/implications

The study is based on secondary data and could be further developed through case studies based on primary data. Future studies should explore the generalisability of the findings.

Practical implications

Practitioners can use the framework to identify potential new SCS and how strategies can be combined. Findings can help them to understand the abnormal risks of main concern, how they may impact normal risks, and provide ideas on how to tackle trade-offs between different risks.

Social implications

The results can support improvements in humanitarian supply chains, which will provide affected people with rapid, cost-efficient, and better-adapted responses.

Originality/value

The paper connects SCRM and HL to develop a framework and suggests propositions on how humanitarian actors can mitigate supply chain risks. Questioning the focus on strategic stock it suggests complementary or alternative strategies for improving logistics preparedness.

Keywords

Citation

Jahre, M. (2017), "Humanitarian supply chain strategies – a review of how actors mitigate supply chain risks", Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp. 82-101. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHLSCM-12-2016-0043

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited