To read this content please select one of the options below:

A multi-objective optimization model for logistic planning in the crisis response phase

Mohammad Mahdi Ershadi (Department of Industrial Engineering, Golpayegan University of Technology, Golpayegan, Iran)
Hossein Shams Shemirani (Department of Industrial Engineering, Golpayegan University of Technology, Golpayegan, Iran)

Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management

ISSN: 2042-6747

Article publication date: 3 June 2021

Issue publication date: 11 January 2022

366

Abstract

Purpose

Proper planning for the response phase of humanitarian relief can significantly prevent many financial and human losses. To this aim, a multi-objective optimization model is proposed in this paper that considers different types of injured people, different vehicles with determining capacities and multi-period logistic planning. This model can be updated based on new information about resources and newly identified injured people.

Design/methodology/approach

The main objective function of the proposed model in this paper is minimizing the unsatisfied prioritized injured people in the network. Besides, the total transportation activities of different types of vehicles are considered as another objective function. Therefore, these objectives are optimized hierarchically in the proposed model using the Lexicographic method. This method finds the best value for the first objective function. Then, it tries to optimize transportation activities as the second objective function while maintaining the optimality of the first objective function.

Findings

The performances of the proposed model were analyzed in different cases and its robust approach for different problems was shown within the framework of a case study. Besides, the sensitivity analysis of results shows the logical behavior of the proposed model against various factors.

Practical implications

The proposed methodology can be applied to find the best response plan for all crises.

Originality/value

In this paper, we have tried to use a multi-objective optimization model to guide and correct response programs to deal with the occurred crisis. This is important because it can help emergency managers to improve their plans.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Dr. S. Ershadi and Dr. E. Mohaghegh, for providing the expert's knowledge used in this research. We also thank Eng. M. Afshari and Dr. M. Eghdami (experts of Isfahan welfare organization), Dr. N. Naderi and Dr. A. Binaee (experts of Isfahan ministry of health) and Dr. S. Ahmadi (expert of Isfahan municipality organization) for their cooperation for providing various information.

Conflict of Interest: The authors declared no conflict of interest.

Citation

Ershadi, M.M. and Shemirani, H.S. (2022), "A multi-objective optimization model for logistic planning in the crisis response phase", Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 30-53. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHLSCM-11-2020-0108

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles