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Corporate social responsibility and firm performance of Ghanaian SMEs: Mediating role of access to capital and firm reputation

Otuo Serebour Agyemang (School of Business, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana)
Abraham Ansong (Department of Management Studies, School of Business, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana)

Journal of Global Responsibility

ISSN: 2041-2568

Article publication date: 8 May 2017

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the influence of corporate social responsibility on financial performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Ghana by using access to capital and firm reputation as mediating variables.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors collected primary data from 423 SMEs within the Accra Metropolis. Partial least squares estimation technique was used to analyze the data.

Findings

The authors documented evidence for a mechanism through which corporate social responsibility results in financial performance of firms: SMEs with improved corporate social responsibility practices are better positioned to achieve enhanced reputation, which translates into improved financial performance. Even though this study did not document a significant relationship between corporate social responsibility and access to finance by Ghanaian SMEs, the authors contend that looking at the positive relationship between them, SMEs can minimize their capital constraints by embarking on CSR practices, which can eventually translate into financial performance.

Practical implications

The authors recommend that for SMEs to enhance their reputation and increase their access to capital, which will eventually result in enhanced financial performance, corporate social responsibility practices should be a major part of their operations.

Originality/value

It contributes to our knowledge on how CSR practices lead to financial performance of SMEs in developing countries. In addition, this is the first of its kind to establish the relationship between CSR practices and financial performance of SMEs in Ghana by using access to capital and firm reputation as mediating factors.

Keywords

Citation

Agyemang, O.S. and Ansong, A. (2017), "Corporate social responsibility and firm performance of Ghanaian SMEs: Mediating role of access to capital and firm reputation", Journal of Global Responsibility, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 47-62. https://doi.org/10.1108/JGR-03-2016-0007

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited