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Analysis of performance of Covid-19 vaccine supply chain in India

Chandrasekaran Nagarajan ( Graduate School of Business, Institute for Financial Management and Research, Krea University, Sri City, India)
Indira A. (Centre for Budget and Policy Studies, Bangalore, India)
Ramasubramaniam M. (Centre for Logistics and Supply Chain, Loyola Institute of Business Administration, Chennai, India)

Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing

ISSN: 2398-5364

Article publication date: 13 December 2022




This study aims to analyse the structure of the Indian vaccine supply chain (SC) during the Covid-19 crisis and explore the underlying challenges at each stage in the network. It also brings out the difference in performance of various constituent states.


This study relied on both primary and secondary data for the analyses. For the primary data, the study gathered experts’ opinions to validate the authors’ inferences. For the secondary data, it relies on government data provided in websites.


Based on the quartile analysis and cluster analysis of the secondary data, the authors find that the constituent states responded differently during the first and second waves. This was due to the differences in SC characteristics attributed to varied demographics and administrative efficiency.

Research limitations/implications

This paper’s analyses is primarily limited to secondary information and inferences are based on them. The study has important implications for implementing the large-scale vaccination drives by government and constituent states for better coordination and last-mile delivery.


The contribution is unique in studying the performance of constituent states using statistical techniques, with secondary data from authentic sources. It is also unique in combining this observation with validation from experts.



Nagarajan, C., A., I. and M., R. (2022), "Analysis of performance of Covid-19 vaccine supply chain in India", Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



Emerald Publishing Limited

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