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Examining the role of perceived investment in employees’ development on work-engagement of liquid knowledge workers: Moderating effects of psychological contract

Jatinder Kumar Jha (Human Resources Management Area, XLRI- Xavier School of Management, Jamshedpur, India)
Jatin Pandey (Organizational Behaviour and Human Resources Area, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, Kozhikode, India)
Biju Varkkey (Human Resources Management Area, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Ahmedabad, India)

Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing

ISSN: 2398-5364

Article publication date: 27 November 2018

Issue publication date: 19 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the relationship between perceived investments in employees’ development (PIED) on work engagement and the moderating effects of psychological capital on this relationship for liquid knowledge workers, employed in the Indian cutting and polishing of diamond industry (CPD).

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire composed of established scales was administered to 134 liquid knowledge workers. Having established convergent and discriminant validity using structural equation modelling, the model was further analysed using the Process macro to check for direct and moderating effects.

Findings

The research findings suggest that the perceived investment in employee development and psychological contract enhancement (relational and transactional) made by CPD units for liquid knowledge workers positively influenced their work engagement level. The study also finds that relational contract (not transactional contract) positively moderates the relationship between perceived investment in employee development and work engagement.

Research limitations/implications

This is a cross-sectional single source study; future studies could look at longitudinal and multisource perspective.

Practical implications

The study presents a “star matrix of engagement” that guides the application of the two strategies of perceived employee development and psychological contract enhancement for liquid knowledge workers. This has implications for design and implementation of human resource management practices and policies for employee management.

Originality/value

The study makes significant contributions to existing literature on antecedents of work engagement of liquid knowledge workers by examining the direct and moderating influences.

Keywords

Citation

Jha, J.K., Pandey, J. and Varkkey, B. (2019), "Examining the role of perceived investment in employees’ development on work-engagement of liquid knowledge workers: Moderating effects of psychological contract", Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 225-245. https://doi.org/10.1108/JGOSS-08-2017-0026

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited