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Robustness and cross-cultural equivalence of the Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS)

Joost Bücker (Institute for Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands)
Olivier Furrer (Department of Marketing, Universite de Fribourg Faculte des sciences economiques et sociales, Fribourg, Switzerland)
Tanja Peeters Weem (Department of HR Transformation, Deloitte Netherlands, Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

Journal of Global Mobility

ISSN: 2049-8799

Article publication date: 12 September 2016

753

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the cross-cultural equivalence of the four-dimensional 20-item Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS) and the two-dimensional 12-item cultural intelligence (CQ) short scale. Furthermore, the study elaborates on the results by discussing the differences between culturally equivalent and culturally non-equivalent items.

Design/methodology/approach

Data gathered from 607 students with a Chinese or Dutch background and mature international experience serve to test the cross-cultural equivalence of the CQS.

Findings

This study addresses the lack of clarity concerning the cross-cultural equivalence of the CQS in the extended domain of empirical research involving CQ. Furthermore, the consequences of the cultural equivalence tests are discussed.

Practical implications

Comparing CQ scores across cultures is only meaningful with the use of the adjusted, two-dimensional scale. Practitioners must be aware of the emic-etic character of the measurement instrument they use.

Originality/value

This study addresses the lack of clarity concerning the cross-cultural equivalence of the CQS in the extended domain of empirical research involving CQ. Furthermore, the consequences of the cultural equivalence tests are discussed.

Keywords

Citation

Bücker, J., Furrer, O. and Peeters Weem, T. (2016), "Robustness and cross-cultural equivalence of the Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS)", Journal of Global Mobility, Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 300-325. https://doi.org/10.1108/JGM-05-2016-0022

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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