The aim of this paper is to assess the nature and characteristics of regulatory risk management reporting by private and public sector banks in India.
Using a sample of 38 banks, a content analysis of their Basel II disclosure reports for the year 2012-2013 is examined.
The assessment shows that while the majority of the disclosure across banks focuses on credit risk and capital adequacy ratios, the total quantity of disclosure varies significantly across banks. Of the three broad risk categories (market, credit and operational), operational risk disclosure is the least, with minimal to no disclosure on several key aspects of operational risk, suggesting that operational risk issues are likely to emerge as an area of concern among Indian banks. Further, for the sector as a whole, the authors observe that asset size and net income are positively correlated with the quantity of regulatory disclosure and negatively correlated with the variation of this disclosure, suggesting a possible precautionary behavior on the part of larger and more profitable banks toward excessive scrutiny by the regulators and a regulatory regime in which no institution is too big to fail.
As an exploratory research article to address the characteristics of regulatory disclosure of private and public sector banks in India, it is informative, particularly for those working in the area of banking regulation and compliance. Areas for further research are suggested.
An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Northeast Decision Science Institute’s (NEDSI) Annual conference in Philadelphia, March 2014. The authors would like to acknowledge the research assistance provided by Shreya Mathai and Ascede Joseph.
Samanta, P. and Dugal, M. (2016), "Basel disclosure by private and public sector banks in India: assessment and implications", Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 453-472. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFRC-12-2015-0065Download as .RIS
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