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Corporate governance and firm performance: empirical evidence from Jordan

Ahmad Yuosef Alodat (Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia)
Zalailah Salleh (Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia)
Hafiza Aishah Hashim (Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia)
Farizah Sulong (Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 3 August 2021

Issue publication date: 12 December 2022

1236

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to assess the effect of director board and audit committee attributes and ownership structure on firm performance. In general, resource dependency and agency theories have underlined the superior performance of firms equipped with stronger Corporate Governance (CG) versus those of deficient governance. Concurrently, the study delineated the provisions of ownership structure provision, specifically foreign ownership and institutional ownerships, thus describing the component denoting the structural significance in explicating firm performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The current study implemented an empirical approach involving the construction of extensive CG measures thus, subjected to 81 non-financial firms listed on the Amman Stock Exchange spanning the period of 2014–2018.

Findings

The current study identified the positive and significant relationship between the board of directors and audit committee characteristics with the firm performance measures tested, namely, return on equity (ROE) and Tobin’s Q. In terms of ownership structure, both foreign and institutional ownerships yielded a significant and positive relationship with ROE. Meanwhile, Tobin’s Q led to an insignificant and negative relationship between both ownership types and firm performance measures.

Practical implications

The analytical outcomes substantiate the possibility of enhanced performance shown by growing global firms because of the implementation of CG mechanisms, specifically because of the practices resulting in minimised agency costs.

Originality/value

The current study offers novel evidence detailing the impact of CG effectiveness towards performance and its implementation in emerging markets following the minimal amount of scholarly efforts on the topic. It is a timely contribution towards the current understanding of the relationship linking governance and performance for the purpose of ensuring the adoption and imposition of a strong corporate governance code by the government.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the helpful comments of anonymous reviewers.

Citation

Alodat, A.Y., Salleh, Z., Hashim, H.A. and Sulong, F. (2022), "Corporate governance and firm performance: empirical evidence from Jordan", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. 20 No. 5, pp. 866-896. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFRA-12-2020-0361

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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