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Agency and institutional-related factors and the heterogeneity of sustainability and integrated report information disclosures in Kenya

Geoffrey Injeni (Strathmore University Business School, Madaraka Campus, Strathmore University, Nairobi, Kenya)
Musa Mangena (Nottingham University Business School, Jubilee Campus, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK)
David Mathuva (Strathmore University Business School, Madaraka Campus, Strathmore University, Nairobi, Kenya)
Robert Mudida (Strathmore University Business School, Madaraka Campus, Strathmore University, Nairobi, Kenya)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 11 August 2021

Issue publication date: 12 December 2022

839

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the factors influencing the level of disclosures of sustainability (SR) and integrated report (IR) information in a developing country context, with particular reference to Kenya.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses a panel data set of 419 firm-year observations of listed companies in Kenya covering the period 2010 through 2018. Data are collected from the annual reports and analysed using a generalized estimations equation model.

Findings

The results reveal that there is momentum towards newer reporting frameworks in Kenya with substantial IR and SR disclosures in their annual reports. The results also show that level of SR and IR disclosures is influenced by both agency-related factors (board gender diversity, audit committee independence, block ownership and the presence of foreign ownership). Additionally, institutional-related factors (regulatory pressure and promotional efforts of regulatory and professional bodies [reporting excellence awards]) influence the disclosures.

Practical implications

The results highlight that initiatives such as those led by the regulatory and professional bodies in Kenya are effective in motivating companies to enhance disclosures. Thus, regulators and professional bodies might need to continue and even intensify their efforts. These results have implications for further research as they show that SR and IR disclosures are influenced by similar factors.

Social implications

The study has the potential to contribute to the ongoing initiatives and discussions on the adoption of IR by firms in Africa as spearheaded by the African Integrated Reporting Council.

Originality/value

To the best of the knowledge, the study is, perhaps, the first to examine both SR and IR disclosures at the same study allowing comparison of the extent and drivers of the two disclosures. Moreover, examining the institutional-related factors in a single country has not been done in prior literature, and so this is an innovation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are sincerely grateful to the two anonymous referees and the Associate Editor for their helpful comments and suggestions. The initial concept in this paper was inspired by the pitching research tool available at: http://pitchingresearch.com/

Citation

Injeni, G., Mangena, M., Mathuva, D. and Mudida, R. (2022), "Agency and institutional-related factors and the heterogeneity of sustainability and integrated report information disclosures in Kenya", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. 20 No. 5, pp. 809-840. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFRA-10-2020-0305

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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