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Value relevance of R&D reporting in India: significance of intangible intensity

Pooja Kumari (FORE School of Management, New Delhi, India)
Chandra Sekhar Mishra (Vinod Gupta School of Management, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 2 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Fundamental shifting of the world toward intangible intensive economy raised an apprehension regarding value relevance of internally generated intangible assets. In the previous studies, research and development (R&D) expenditure is recognized as a significant accounting item, which can indicate potential internally generated intangible assets. This study aims to examine whether investors consider nature of intangible intensity of a firm for the evaluation of R&D expenditure to determine equity values in India.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors compared value relevance of capitalized and the expensed portion of R&D expenditure between intangible- and non-intangible-intensive firms. They adopted empirical model grounded on the generalized version of Ohlson’s (1995) model.

Findings

The findings of the study indicate that, in intangible-intensive (non-intangible) firms, the capitalized portion of expenditure is positively (negatively) significant and the expensed portion of R&D expenditure is negatively (positively) significant to explain equity values.

Practical implications

The findings of this study may have potential implication for the discussion on the accounting treatment of internally generated intangible assets based on the nature of intangible intensity of the firm. The study also suggests that while setting standards, standard-setters should consider nature of intangible intensity of the firm, which could disseminate the discrepancy between the market and book value of the equity.

Originality/value

The study provides evidence, how value relevance of R&D reporting is affected by the nature of intangible intensity of a firm.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The Infrastructural support provided by FORE School of Management, New Delhi in completing this paper is gratefully acknowledge.

Citation

Kumari, P. and Mishra, C.S. (2019), "Value relevance of R&D reporting in India: significance of intangible intensity", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. 17 No. 3, pp. 432-448. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFRA-08-2017-0073

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited