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Earnings performance of financial and non-financial IPOs in India: an empirical analysis based on market timing

Sunaina Dhanda (Haryana School of Business, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, India)
Shveta Singh (Haryana School of Business, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, India)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 9 February 2023

184

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to see if market timing predicts the first reporting of earnings performance after the issue, i.e. the issue-year earnings performance. Furthermore, this study examines the behaviour of financial and non-financial issuers’ performance in the light of varied market timings.

Design/methodology/approach

This study focuses on 785 NSE-listed initial public offerings that took place between April 2010 and December 2021. This study evaluates market timing by using moving averages. Using multiple regression analysis, the research further investigates the impact of market timing on issue-year earnings performance for financial and non-financial issuers on the basis of an interaction (moderation) effect.

Findings

This study finds that there is a significant presence of market timing in India, which predicts issue-year earnings performance. This study also demonstrates that hot market issuers’ performance is heavily influenced by market timing for non-financial issuers only. However, financial companies are not influenced by market timing.

Research limitations/implications

The findings of this study will assist the potential investors, analysts and stakeholders about performance of public issuers in India. Lower earnings performance for hot market non-financial issuers implies that the issuers’ market performance may not be supported by earnings figures. A market performance that is not synchronous with earnings will not last long. The findings of this study hold implications to the regulators as well to keep an eye on issuers’ earnings performance alongside the stock performance. Apart from that, the observations in context of financial and non-financial issuers provide insight about the variation in performance of public issues on the basis of background.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the only study to examine earnings performance in the context of market timing in India. This study holds significance in terms of methodology for anticipating the presence of market timing and the study of interaction effects. Moreover, it is one of the few studies that has focused on comparing financial and non-financial issuers around the world.

Keywords

Citation

Dhanda, S. and Singh, S. (2023), "Earnings performance of financial and non-financial IPOs in India: an empirical analysis based on market timing", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFRA-05-2022-0176

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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