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IPO valuation using the price-multiple methods: evidence from Malaysia

Chui Zi Ong (School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)
Rasidah Mohd-Rashid (School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)
Kamarun Nisham Taufil-Mohd (School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 1 February 2021

Issue publication date: 29 July 2021

868

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the valuation accuracy of Malaysian initial public offerings (IPOs) by using price-multiple methods.

Design/methodology/approach

Cross-sectional data including 467 IPOs listed on the Malaysian stock exchange were used for the period of 2000–2017. This study used univariate ordinary least square (OLS) regression to analyse the relationship between IPOs’ price-multiples and comparable firms’ price-multiples. The test of valuation accuracy was conducted via computing valuation errors by segregating the sample into two groups: fixed-price IPOs and book-built IPOs. Furthermore, multiple OLS regression was used to examine the influence of IPO valuation on underpricing.

Findings

The findings of the results suggested that IPOs price-to-earnings (P/E), price-to-book (P/B) and price-to-sales (P/S) multiples were positively related to the median P/E, P/B and P/S multiples of five comparable firms matched by industry and revenues. The P/S multiple was shown to be the most significant valuation method, specifically in book-built IPOs. The findings indicated that those firms that had a lower valuation in comparison to the comparable firms were inclined to underprice their IPOs to allure investors to subscribe IPOs. In addition, book-built IPOs that had fair valuations were inclined to generate higher initial returns for investors.

Practical implications

The findings of this study observed implications for underwriters in avoiding the mis-valuation issue by considering the book-building mechanism.

Originality/value

This study attempted to explore the suitability of the valuation method to value IPOs in Malaysia.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors also would like to acknowledge their gratitude for funding from the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/1/2018/SS01/UUM/02/7) (S/O Code: 14203) provided by the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia. The authors are appreciative to the anonymous reviewers of the journal for constructive comments to improve the quality of this article.

Citation

Ong, C.Z., Mohd-Rashid, R. and Taufil-Mohd, K.N. (2021), "IPO valuation using the price-multiple methods: evidence from Malaysia", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. 19 No. 4, pp. 540-570. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFRA-05-2020-0128

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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