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Analyzing earnings management preferences from business strategies

Golrida Karyawati Purba (Universitas Pelita Harapan, Tangerang, Indonesia)
Cornelia Fransisca (Universitas Pelita Harapan, Tangerang, Indonesia)
Prem Lal Joshi (Western Regional Centre, ICSSR, Mumbai, India)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 16 August 2021

Issue publication date: 12 December 2022




This study aims to examine the preference for earnings management (EM) strategies according to business strategies, namely, cost leadership strategies and differentiation strategies,


This study analyzed 262 samples of manufacturing and service companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2019. Logistic regression analysis is used to test the company’s EM strategy preferences based on the applied business strategy.


The results prove that business strategy has a significant effect on EM strategy preferences. Companies that implement a cost leadership strategy tend to use an accrual form of EM rather than a real form of EM. Conversely, companies that implement a differentiation strategy tend to use a real form of EM.

Research limitations/implications

Theoretically, this study confirms that contingency theory can explain EM practice preferences based on business strategy. Practically, this study helps auditors and financial statement analysts in assessing the quality of financial statements, as well as the risk of financial misstatement based on the business strategy adopted by the companies.


Based on prior literature, research studies on the analysis of EM strategy preferences based on business strategy have been limited.



Purba, G.K., Fransisca, C. and Joshi, P.L. (2022), "Analyzing earnings management preferences from business strategies", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. 20 No. 5, pp. 979-993.



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