This study aims to examine and compare the current waqf governance practices in waqf institutions in Malaysia.
This paper reviews professional documents and literature to propose a new and practical waqf governance measurement. Waqf governance measurements were used to examine and compare the current waqf governance practices among waqf institutions in Malaysia. The annual reports of all waqf institutions under the State Islamic Religious Councils (SIRCs) were analysed using content analysis on the current waqf governance practices using binomial logic.
Overall, the results indicate moderate waqf governance practices under three waqf governance categories, namely waqf governance policy, waqf governance board and waqf governance processes. This study also found a significant impact of corporatisation reformation of waqf institutions on waqf governance practices.
The findings indicate the need for all waqf institutions in Malaysia, especially for non-corporate waqf institutions, to enhance their waqf governance practices by disclosing all relevant information to the public. This is because the success of waqf fund management can be portrayed through the management’s transparency in waqf governance practices on how they deliver and use their resources to attain socio-economic objectives.
To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is among the first studies that examined and evaluated the current waqf governance practices in several waqf institutions in Malaysia.
The authors would like to thank Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia for the financial assistance from a research grant under the title of Developing a Shariah and Outcome Based Reporting Model for Waqf Institutions (USIM/FRGS/FEM/055002/51618), which funded this issue.
Kamaruddin, M.I.H. and Hanefah, M.M. (2021), "An empirical investigation on
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