Making sense of being recalled: a grounded theory

Owen Rye (Oxford Institute of Clinical Psychology Training, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK)
Krysia Canvin (School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK)
Suzi Harrison (Department of Forensic Mental Health Services, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK)
Charlotte Couldrey (Department of Forensic Mental Health Services, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK)
Clare Churchman (Department of Forensic Mental Health Services, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK)

The Journal of Forensic Practice

ISSN: 2050-8794

Publication date: 31 January 2019

Abstract

Purpose

A high proportion of forensic mental health service users (FSUs) are recalled to secure hospitals from conditional discharge in the community. The limited research on recall to date has preliminarily identified why FSUs are recalled, but not how they make sense of the process. The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual understanding of how FSUs make sense of being recalled to hospital.

Design/methodology/approach

A constructivist grounded theory approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 11 FSUs from different levels of forensic service security who had been recalled varying numbers of times across a wide timeframe.

Findings

A theoretical model was constructed to illustrate the process of how FSUs make sense of being recalled. FSUs appraise being recalled on a continuum from negative to positive, based on their experiences when conditionally discharged and their reflections on the circumstances of being recalled. The nature of their appraisal appears to reciprocally influence their subsequent attitudes towards and their engagement with forensic services.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed mechanism of how FSUs make sense of being recalled, particularly their dynamic appraisal of it, should now be investigated longitudinally. Future qualitative research could explore forensic service staff perspectives on recall.

Practical implications

Enhancing the positivity of FSUs’ appraisals about being recalled may improve their attitudes about and engagement with forensic services.

Originality/value

This is the first research study to construct a theoretical model of recall.

Keywords

Citation

Rye, O., Canvin, K., Harrison, S., Couldrey, C. and Churchman, C. (2019), "Making sense of being recalled: a grounded theory", The Journal of Forensic Practice, Vol. 21 No. 1, pp. 27-37. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFP-10-2018-0042

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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