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IoT-BIM-based digital transformation in facilities management: a conceptual model

Kalani Chamika Dahanayake (Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong)
Nipuni Sumanarathna (Department of Real Estate and Construction, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

Journal of Facilities Management

ISSN: 1472-5967

Article publication date: 5 May 2021




This paper aims to explore the opportunities of integrating internet of things (IoT) with building information modelling (BIM) to support the digital transformation of facilities management (FM). In this regard, a conceptual framework is proposed to implement IoT-BIM-based smart FM in buildings.


A semi-systematic literature review was conducted to examine the opportunities of integrating IoT-BIM-based smart FM.


BIM models are seldom used during the operations stage, and the comprehensive digital information developed during the design and construction stage is not efficiently used throughout the building’s life cycle. Therefore, this paper suggests that IoT-BIM can be effectively integrated into six FM functions, namely, energy management, operations and maintenance management, space management, FM project management, emergency management and quality management. IoT-BIM provides a beneficial platform for the digital transformation in FM, optimising the effectiveness and efficiency of buildings.


As a recent approach, the integration of BIM with IoT has created a new direction for moving from traditional FM to digitalise smart FM. However, the adaptation of IoT-BIM concept, particularly for FM, is yet to be explored. Hence, this paper contributes to the IoT-BIM research in the FM domain by highlighting six IoT-BIM-based smart FM for digital transformation in FM.



Dahanayake, K.C. and Sumanarathna, N. (2021), "IoT-BIM-based digital transformation in facilities management: a conceptual model", Journal of Facilities Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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