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Developing building information models (BIM) for building handover, operation and maintenance

Marjan Sadeghi (Department of Construction Management, College of Health and Human Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA)
Jonathan Weston Elliott (Department of Construction Management, College of Health and Human Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA)
Nick Porro (Neenan Archistruction, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA)
Kelly Strong (Department of Technology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa, USA)

Journal of Facilities Management

ISSN: 1472-5967

Article publication date: 26 June 2019

Issue publication date: 12 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to represent the results of a case study to establish a building information model (BIM)-enabled workflow to capture and retrieve facility information to deliver integrated handover deliverables.

Design/methodology/approach

The Building Handover Information Model (BHIM) framework proposed herein is contextualized given the Construction Operation Information Exchange (COBie) and the level of development schema. The process uses Autodesk Revit as the primary BIM-authoring tool and Dynamo as an add-in for extending Revit’s parametric functionality, BHIM validation, information retrieval and documentation in generating operation and maintenance (O&M) deliverables in the end-user requested format.

Findings

Given the criticality of semantics for model elements in the BHIM and for appropriate interoperability in BIM collaboration, each discipline should establish model development and exchange protocols that define the elements, geometrical and non-geometrical information requirements and acceptable software applications early in the design phase. In this case study, five information categories (location, specifications, warranty, maintenance instructions and Construction Specifications Institute MasterFormat division) were identified as critical for model elements in the BHIM for handover purposes.

Originality/value

Design- and construction-purposed BIM is a standard platform in collaborative architecture, engineering and construction practice, and the models are available for many recently constructed facilities. However, interoperability issues drastically restrict implementation of these models in building information handover and O&M. This study provides essential input regarding BIM exchange protocols and collaborative BIM libraries for handover purposes in collaborative BIM development.

Keywords

Citation

Sadeghi, M., Elliott, J.W., Porro, N. and Strong, K. (2019), "Developing building information models (BIM) for building handover, operation and maintenance", Journal of Facilities Management, Vol. 17 No. 3, pp. 301-316. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFM-04-2018-0029

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited