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Trade Openness, Financial Development Index and Economic Growth: Evidence from India (1971-2012)

Dogga Satyanarayana Murthy (Department of Economics, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India)
Suresh Kumar Patra (Department of Economics, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India)
Amaresh Samantaraya (Department of Economics, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India)

Journal of Financial Economic Policy

ISSN: 1757-6385

Article publication date: 28 October 2014

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to examine the inter-relationship and direction of causality among three macroeconomic variables such as trade liberalization, financial development and economic growth.

Design/methodology/approach

The empirical analysis is based on the principal component analysis as method to construct financial development index (FDI), augmented Dickey–Fuller and Phillips–Perron tests as the unit root test, Johansen’s co-integration test and VECM for direction of causality in the long run among TOP, FDI and economic growth.

Findings

The empirical results confirmed that there exists a long-run association among trade openness, financial development and economic growth. This study has also found that there is bidirectional causality between financial development and growth. However, the causality runs from growth to finance is stronger than that from finance to growth. This study also observed unidirectional causality that runs from financial development and economic growth to trade openness.

Research limitations/implications

The policy implications that could be drawn from the present study is that, initiation of financial reforms to improve the size of financial system would lead to higher economic growth. Another key implication from this study is that because trade openness has no effect on both domestic financial sector development and output growth, it would be better to deploy the resources into creating a sustained domestic demand rather than concentrating more on the external front in general and trade openness in particular.

Originality/value

The study constructs a summary IFD for India by taking into account four broad financial development indicators for the period 1971-2012. The present paper also suggests that it would be better to deploy the resources to create a sustained domestic demand rather than concentrating more on the external front in general and trade openness in particular.

Keywords

Citation

Satyanarayana Murthy, D., Kumar Patra, S. and Samantaraya, A. (2014), "Trade Openness, Financial Development Index and Economic Growth: Evidence from India (1971-2012)", Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Vol. 6 No. 4, pp. 362-375. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFEP-10-2013-0056

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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