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Financial crime in the decentralized finance ecosystem: new challenges for compliance

Christoph Wronka (Deloitte GmbH Wirtschaftsprufungsgesellschaft, Hamburg, Germany)

Journal of Financial Crime

ISSN: 1359-0790

Article publication date: 3 November 2021

Issue publication date: 2 January 2023




As decentralized finance (DeFi) has collected substantial promotion, investment and cryptographic development as a new model for numerous financial operations over the last months. As DeFi models and technology are quite unique, authorities have not been engaged much yet. However, these non-regulated financial markets will be overlooked for no long by the regulators. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyse and evaluate the new challenges for financial crime compliance which need to be tackled very soon.


The research relied on secondary sources of data, using secondary research to collect archival data in the form of documents. Content and thematic analyses were used to synthesize the collected data


DeFi is considered to be one of the major steps towards adopting crypto masses. It is expected that DeFi will play a significant role in future and provide the present banking system with a feasible alternative. Therefore, it is crucial that the DeFi industry must address the main risks to ensure its “user” full compliance.


This research is the first to analyse the emerging challenges of fighting financial crime in the DeFi ecosystem.



Wronka, C. (2023), "Financial crime in the decentralized finance ecosystem: new challenges for compliance", Journal of Financial Crime, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 97-113.



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