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Anti-money laundering – the need for intelligence

Richard John Lowe (Department of Risk Consulting, KPMG LLP, London, UK)

Journal of Financial Crime

ISSN: 1359-0790

Article publication date: 3 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the need for predictive intelligence to support anti-money laundering programs in the financial sector.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology adopted herein consists of a literature review on the use of intelligence in anti-money laundering, the sources of intelligence and information used in the financial sector, supported by experience gained from investigating and prosecuting money laundering cases, and the assistance provided to financial services companies.

Findings

Banks and other regulated services are required to meet international standards to deny services to criminals and terrorists, identify suspicious activity and report to the authorities. Regulated businesses have large operations which check customers against sources that confirm their identity or against lists of proscribed or suspected offenders at an individual or national level. Their controls tend to look backwards when other organisations that rely on intelligence, such as the military, value predictive, forward-looking intelligence. The penalties that banks and others face for failure in their controls are increasingly severe, as looking backwards and not forwards reduces the extent to which the controls meet their purpose of reducing the impact of organized crime and terrorism.

Originality/value

This paper serves as a useful guide to alert and educate anti-money laundering professionals, law enforcement and policy makers of the importance of predictive intelligence in countering organized crime and terrorism. It also considers whether lessons in intelligence handling from other areas can inform a debate on how intelligence can be developed to counter money laundering.

Keywords

Citation

Lowe, R.J. (2017), "Anti-money laundering – the need for intelligence", Journal of Financial Crime, Vol. 24 No. 3, pp. 472-479. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFC-04-2017-0030

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited