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Passing on the legacy: exploring the dynamics of succession in family businesses in Pakistan

Asma AbdulRahim Chang (Department of Sciences, Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi, Pakistan)
Muhammad Shujaat Mubarik (Department of Business Administration, Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi, Pakistan)
Navaz Naghavi (School of Accounting & Finance, Taylor's University–Lakeside Campus, Subang Jaya, Malaysia)

Journal of Family Business Management

ISSN: 2043-6238

Article publication date: 27 April 2020

Issue publication date: 3 May 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

By taking the theory of entrepreneurial legacy as the baseline, this study explores the various aspects of succession planning in indigenous family businesses especially the role of female family members in succession and conflicts in family businesses.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is qualitative in nature and adopts narrative inquiry to explore the aspects of succession planning. In doing so, the study utilizes an in-depth interviewing technique with nine participants who run their family-owned firms which are mostly in their second or third generation for analysis.

Findings

The findings are concurrent with the literature that indicates a lack of strategic succession planning although ordinary or natural succession does occur in some firms. The study also reports a lack of consideration for female members in succession, daughters in particular, for traditional family firms (FFs) in contrast to entrepreneurial FFs.

Research limitations/implications

The study has many implications for family-owned firms in Pakistan as they need to align their family business with the theory of entrepreneurial legacy and its three strategic activities in order to ensure the longevity of their business.

Originality/value

Exploring how succession planning takes place in family indigenous family businesses and what is the role of female family members in succession and conflicts in family businesses are original contributions of this study.

Keywords

Citation

Chang, A.A., Mubarik, M.S. and Naghavi, N. (2021), "Passing on the legacy: exploring the dynamics of succession in family businesses in Pakistan", Journal of Family Business Management, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 161-184. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFBM-10-2019-0065

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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